Mythic Field: Milesian Materialism
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MILESIAN MATERIALISM

The Milesian School is an early Pre-Socratic school of philosophy founded in the 6th Century B.C. in the Ionian town of Miletus (a Greek colony on the Aegean coast of Anatolia in modern Turkey). The major philosophers included under this label are Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes, who held quite distinct views on most subjects, so that the grouping is more one of geographical convenience than one of shared opinions (although it is thought likely that Thales taught Anaximander, who in turn taught Anaximenes)...
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The Milesian School is an early Pre-Socratic school of philosophy founded in the 6th Century B.C. in the Ionian town of Miletus (a Greek colony on the Aegean coast of Anatolia in modern Turkey). The major philosophers included under this label are Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes, who held quite distinct views on most subjects, so that the grouping is more one of geographical convenience than one of shared opinions (although it is thought likely that Thales taught Anaximander, who in turn taught Anaximenes)...
Enthusiasts of ancient Greek culture are frequently under the impression that Greek philosophy and mythology are closely linked. However, in spite of the fact that particular Greek philosophies such as Platonism can seem amalgams of philosophy and mythology, the origins of Greek philosophy were quite secular. Indeed, the philosophers of the port city Miletus in Ionia (now in Turkey) were considered philosophers because they consciously abandoned mythological accounts in explaining cosmic processes and features...
The Presocratics were 6th and 5th century BCE Greek thinkers who introduced a new way of inquiring into the world and the place of human beings in it. They were recognized in antiquity as the first philosophers and scientists of the Western tradition. This article is a general introduction to the most important Presocratic philosophers and the main themes of Presocratic thought. More detailed discussions can be found by consulting the articles on these philosophers (and related topics) in the SEP (listed below)...
The Milesian school (/maɪˈliːʃiən, -ʃən/) was a school of thought founded in the 6th century BC. The ideas associated with it are exemplified by three philosophers from the Ionian town of Miletus, on the Aegean coast of Asia Minor: Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximenes. They introduced new opinions contrary to the prevailing belief of how the world was organized, in which natural phenomena were explained solely by the will of anthropomorphized gods. The Milesians conceived of nature in terms of methodologically observable entities, and as such was one of the first truly scientific philosophies...
The first Presocratics were citizens of Miletus, a trading port where Oriental and Egyptian influences could mingle with Greek thought. The upshot was a bold, speculative cosmology, and conviction that rational explanation must start with the identification of the one primary substance, identified by Thales (as in the Babylonian myths) as water. Other Milesian philosophers are Anaximander and Anaximenes...
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